Turnip - health benefits and harms. Medicinal properties, contraindications for white, green and black root crops

Previously, turnip was one of the main dishes on the tables of our ancestors, but now it has become more exotic than papaya and avocado. In Russia, a crop failure of a vegetable was equated to a natural disaster, because it was used to make stew, soups, cereals, kvass butter, and a filling for pies. Turnip lost popularity with the advent of potatoes, and only recently began to gain lost ground.

Turnip - chemical composition

The benefits of turnip to the human body are little known to modern people, since for several centuries they began to prefer potatoes. However, this does not mean that turnip is a useless product. On the contrary, its beneficial properties far exceed those of potatoes, although the plant is inferior in taste. Let's look at the chemical composition of the root crop, because the value of the products must be determined not by their taste, but by the amount of nutrients.

What vitamins in turnip

From a long time, root crops were valued not only as a food product - the plant was widely used as a therapeutic agent. Unlike expensive drugs, the healing power of turnips to enhance health is accessible to everyone. The advantages of the plant include the fact that it can be eaten raw, preserving all the beneficial substances. The turnip contains rare elements that are necessary for human health. It should be noted a large amount of ascorbic acid, which is stored in the fetus all year, therefore root crops are used to treat vitamin deficiency. Other minerals and vitamins:

  • iron;
  • phosphorus;
  • sodium;
  • magnesium;
  • calcium;
  • potassium;
  • beta-carotene, PP, E, C, B1, B2, A.

The nutritional value-

You can satisfy your hunger with potatoes and turnips in the same way, but the first root crop has too much starch and carbohydrates, which are difficult to digest in the stomach and affect the waist in a bad way. Although the nutritional value of turnips is similar, but it is much safer for excess weight and brings great health benefits. Carbohydrates, fats, proteins of plant origin are balanced in it: the energy value is 6.2 / 0.1 / 1.5 grams, starch is generally small - 0.3 g, and the calorie content is only 32 kcal per 100 g. Turnip is second only to potatoes in cooking time.

Beneficial features

The rich content of useful macro and microelements determines the value of this root crop to ensure the normal functioning of the human body. Vegetables are used to treat pathologies of the respiratory system, joints, and the gastrointestinal tract. Useful properties of turnip help to cleanse the kidneys and blood, have a beneficial effect on the functionality of the digestive system, improving peristalsis.

The composition of the root contains cellulose, which helps cleanse the intestines from harmful substances, preventing the body from clogging with toxins. Therapeutic properties:

  • activates the secretion of bile, which prevents the formation of stones;
  • quickly copes with viral, colds;
  • relieves symptoms of bronchial asthma and sore throat;
  • tops juice eliminates toothache, gum inflammation;
  • increases male power.

Yellow

A yellow root crop with regular use reduces the risk of cancerous tumors; it is recommended as a general strengthening agent for people suffering from diabetes mellitus. Useful properties of yellow turnip allow you to use the vegetable in nutrition and cosmetology. This queen of the garden is also a beauty product: it makes skin smooth, thick hair, healthy nails, improves the condition of teeth, useful for gums.

To prevent acne, you need to eat one turnip daily. The plant makes up for the sulfur deficiency, which is responsible for the cleanliness of the skin. Raw yellow turnips in the winter diet boost immunity. Steamed root juice is considered a natural sedative, acts as a sleeping pill. Residents of the northern regions use fresh yellow turnip for the prevention and treatment of scurvy.

Black

Many mothers are interested in whether it is possible to eat raw turnips for children? For the treatment of colds and bronchitis, for many centuries, black root vegetables with honey have been used. The combination of these two products helps to combat diseases of the nervous system, urolithiasis, toothache. The beneficial properties of black turnip help adults and children quickly cope with dry cough, it has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antipyretic and expectorant effects.

White

White turnip - the health benefits and harms are the same as those of the rest, it has a more delicate taste and is almost not bitter. This type of useful root crop boils very quickly, and in 5 minutes the turnip is completely ready. The beneficial properties of the vegetable help to fight excess weight. If you use it with other foods, then metabolic processes are activated faster, which contributes to weight loss. Turnip broth is an excellent laxative.

Why turnip is useful for women

To keep the aesthetic effect of the face longer and the skin looking healthy, experts advise women to eat salads with the addition of turnips of any color. Casseroles, first and second courses with these unique plants will help you to easily lose those extra pounds in the shortest possible time. The usefulness of turnips for women lies in the fact that it lowers the level of emotional differences, contributes to a state of balance. The use of root crops removes swelling of the face, since it is a good diuretic.

During pregnancy

The benefits and harms of turnips are always discussed while waiting for the baby, as doctors advise pregnant women to include it in the diet. The whole point is the content of trace elements such as manganese, iodine, phosphorus and copper, which are important for health during this period, and the fact that the vegetable is low-calorie is an excellent opportunity to maintain a stable weight. Red, white, green turnip during pregnancy is an excellent antiviral agent. The plant relieves pain, contributing to the healing of cracks and small wounds that occur on the nipples during feeding the baby.

The benefits of turnips for men

The useful properties of turnips and contraindications are considered by men, because it helps to improve sexual function. If you include this root crop daily in the diet, then the potency will increase without medication, since testosterone is more actively synthesized. Useful properties of turnips for men who are actively involved in sports are to reduce pain in inflammatory processes in the joints. For this, there is a folk recipe: boiled root crop is kneaded to a porridge-like state, then applied to painful areas overnight in the form of a compress.

For weight loss

Due to low calories, turnip is used in the fight against obesity. There are no special diets based on it according to the descriptions, but nutritionists recommend replacing low-calorie root vegetables with all products harmful to the figure: potato side dishes, sweets, as well as alternating raw and boiled root crops. Turnip for weight loss is suitable for everyone if there are no contraindications. The plant is perfectly baked with cheese, other vegetables, delicious in combination with dried fruits, honey, nuts and cereals. It is not harmful and in combination with all types of meat.

With diabetes

The main guarantee of maintaining normal functioning in diabetes of any type is proper nutrition. With its help, you can strengthen the physiological functions, normalize blood sugar levels. Turnip in diabetes is indispensable, because it contains glucoraphanin, which is characterized by qualities such as normalization of metabolism and the healing effect on the function of the pancreas. Disaccharides and monosaccharides, which are harmful in diabetes, are found in turnips in a low content, so it is an excellent dietary product.

Contraindications

The root crop can be harmful if a person has a tendency to heartburn or there are diseases such as pancreatitis, ulcers, and colitis. Vegetable juice is aggressive, so drink liquid at a certain dose so that there is no allergy. Raw root vegetables can cause exacerbation of kidney diseases, so people with kidney pathologies should use the turnip in baked or boiled form. Contraindications:

  • acute heart failure;
  • cholecystitis;
  • thyroid disease;
  • chronic problems of the esophagus;
  • elderly age;
  • hepatitis.
Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for independent treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give recommendations for treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.

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