In the national calendar, the celebration of the Transfiguration of the Lord falls on the month when the harvest is harvested, and nature is ready to say goodbye to summer and open its gates in autumn. The date when the celebration takes place among the people does not change from year to year - this is August 19th. On this day, believers consecrate honey, apples and dishes from the fruits of the new harvest in the church.
What is Apple Spas
In the Orthodox calendar there are three Savior: Honey (August 14), Apple (August 19) and Nut (August 29), so another name is Second or Middle, which indicates the onset of autumn, the transition from summer to autumn and winter. The name according to church canons is the Transfiguration of the Lord. From this day it is allowed to eat, cook dishes with apples and other fruits, which should first be consecrated in the church. During this period, there is the Assumption Post, which lasts until August 28.
Apple Savior - the history of the holiday and tradition
The custom to celebrate this holiday dates back to the 4th century, therefore the history of Apple Savior is much younger than many other Orthodox celebrations, but no less interesting and mysterious. At that time, Christ, along with three of his disciples: Peter, John and Jacob, climbed Mount Tabor for prayer, where he learned about his coming sacrifice for the sake of man - about the crucifixion on the cross, and was illuminated by an unusual bright light of the Lord. The Son of God forbade the disciples to talk about their destiny and ordered people to collect fruits in order to sanctify them. This happened 40 days before the Lord's crucifixion on the cross.
Apple Spas - holiday traditions
It is believed that the Great Savior is undergoing a transformation of nature, so the celebration of the date takes place in a special way. The traditions of Apple Savior have a long history, they have changed a little, but their meaning has remained unchanged. Earlier, during the mass festivities, the owners of orchards had to put carts with their crops and distribute them to passers-by, those who did not want to do this were considered greedy, dishonest people.
The people believed that the last eaten apple has the ability to fulfill the most cherished desire. Before such an event, by tradition, you can’t eat any fruits except berries and cucumbers. Until the beginning of the day, their use is forbidden, especially to parents who have lost their children, because their dead child will not be able to receive golden fruit from the Mother of God, who distributes gifts for the Feast of the Savior. It was still necessary to clear the soil until the next harvest. To this end, before the magnificent celebration, they tried to collect bread ears.
The essence of Apple Savior
Peasants, for whom the harvest festival was one of the largest and most significant, believed that apples have unusual strength, bring health, strength, happiness, beauty. Meanwhile, the fruit is consumed not only in its raw form, but also roll up jam, boil compote, bake apples, prepare pies. Celebrate a significant date begins with the morning service, during which a cross is brought to the center of the temple, then worship, a procession, blessing of the harvest is performed. The main color is considered white, so parishioners wear light clothing.
Why you can’t eat apples before the Savior
The prescription of the ban on the use of a new crop is connected with the need for its consecration, with the development of the spiritual forces of man, the struggle against temptations, and the strengthening of faith. According to the Church Statute (Typicon), grapes are forbidden before the Transfiguration. Do not eat apples before Apple Savior - this is a kind of replacement for grapes, since the latter gave a poor harvest in the climatic zone of the Slavs. The Typicon prescribes punishment for those who before the Savior tasted the fruit - a ban on eating them for the whole of August, however, a similar measure concerns primarily monks, not lay people.
Signs for the Savior
On Oseniny, another name for the Transfiguration, the weather is changing, so the signs for Apple Spas are mainly related to future changes in weather conditions. Nights become colder, cranes begin to fly to warmer climes. What this day was like, this will be Pokrov (October 14) and January. If there was no rain - it will be dry autumn, if there was rain - then rainy, but if it was clear - expect a harsh winter. Those believers who remain faithful to the prohibition of eating fruits will be rewarded with the fulfillment of desire at the first bitten bite.
When Apple Spas
According to the Julian calendar, the date of Apple Savior fell on August 6, but after switching to the Gregorian, it moved to the Slavic folk calendar on August 19. According to the Holy Scriptures, this day represents the kingdom of God on earth. According to popular beliefs, the third death of the dead occurs in the spring-summer period. During the day, if a fly lands on a person’s body, they did not drive it away, because it promised success and happiness. In the evening after a day of work and festivities, the sun was seen off in a field with songs.