How to get rid of loans before 2018: amnesty for the debtor

How to get rid of loans before 2018 - many people are interested in this issue, especially if the amount of loan debt has increased due to the imposition of penalties or exorbitant interest. It is worthwhile to figure out whether there are legal ways not to pay a mortgage or money loan and when you can ignore interest by repaying the amount of debt.

Can I get rid of a loan

When repaying a loan to a bank, borrowers worry about interest rates, which over time greatly increase primary debt. But almost always there is a legal right not to pay or minimize the additional costs caused by accrued interest. An effective method of paying off credit debt is a new loan, which implies a low rate of both standard and penalty interest. This means that the borrower takes a new loan to cover the debt with this money. Often people take loans from microfinance organizations.

The sooner it is possible to get rid of the loan debt, the less the amount of interest will be, but the aspect of penalties is also worth mentioning. The amount of the penalty is individual in nature, but there is a chance to reduce it through litigation if the amount of the assessed fines is recognized as a disproportionate debt and a recorded violation.

Amnesty loan in 2018

On January 1, 2018, a bill will begin to be in force, the development of which was carried out by State Duma deputies from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Sergey Obukhov and Valery Rashkin since 2015. The amnesty is aimed at facilitating cooperation between the lender and bona fide borrowers by introducing additional conditions and revising the current lending system.

For whom is introduced

A loan amnesty will help you get rid of loans quickly, but the word “amnesty” does not mean that everyone, including malicious non-payers, will be released and loans written off. The bill is aimed at bona fide borrowers who for some reason are unable to pay off loans. The document implies a review of the loan repayment system, as well as limiting interest rates and lowering the priority of penal contributions.

Mechanism of action

The modern annuity system for repaying a loan to a bank will be reviewed after the entry into force of the law on credit amnesty. When a borrower makes a contribution to pay off a debt, the distribution of funds is as follows:

  • priority is given to writing off fines;
  • in second place are interest;
  • last of all, the money goes to cover the main debt.

A new vision of the loan loan payment system can be considered as a way to get rid of the loan, which implies support for citizens who regularly make loan payments, but for some reason are unable to act according to the payment schedule. For such borrowers, the bank will be required to provide preferential terms for paying the loan:

  • interest rate reduction;
  • limitation of the monthly installment;
  • priority to the main debt when depositing minimal funds to the loan account;
  • annulment of accrued fines, interest and penalties;
  • clearing credit history.

How to get rid of loan debts until 2018

Theory by theory, but an important question remains. So, how to legally get rid of loans until 2018? Let’s say that this question has recently arisen with you, and the amount of debt has not reached the point where a collection agency would have taken up business or a decision would have been sought in a court of law. What to do then and how can a borrower get rid of a loan in a legal way? There are several scenarios.

Credit Restructuring

The borrower may submit a written application to the bank management with a request for restructuring or deferred loan payment. You will need to attach documents registering financial difficulties - job loss, etc. to the petition. The delay in fact is that the borrower will temporarily pay only interest, gradually reducing the total debt, as well as subsequent monthly installments. Restructuring, on the other hand, increases the credit period, which proportionally reduces the amount paid each month.

Pledged property

Another way to get rid of an overdue loan is to sell collateral. This is a radical way to repay a loan as soon as possible, but one of the effective ones, since the role of a pledge is often played by real estate or a car, even the dumping value of which will satisfy the lenders. The property is evaluated and then put up for sale. When a buyer is determined, a transaction for the sale of collateral property is executed, and the funds are used to cover the loan.

Credit vacation

Credit vacation is a paid option provided by banks both during restructuring and as an additional service. The essence of this method is to defer a loan payment, which is issued once a year. The cost of credit holidays is equivalent to 15% of the monthly payment with a minimum of 2000 rubles. The loan term in this case increases by the duration of the deferral; and the amount of overpayment increases.

Attraction of guarantors

Material support of guarantors can be a way out of the situation with unexpected financial difficulties of the borrower. The bank has the right to contact the guarantor for partial or full repayment of credit debt if the debtor is not able to repay the loan on his own. The clauses of the guarantee agreement imply joint and several liability, which guarantees the guarantor the right to collateral in an amount equivalent to the covered part of the debt. Alternatively, the guarantor may demand a monetary compensation from the borrower.

Under article 367 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, a guarantee may terminate in the event of:

  1. Changes in loan conditions, tightening the obligations of the guarantor, without the written consent of the latter.
  2. Change of the borrower without the consent of the guarantor.
  3. Refusal of the creditor to accept performance of obligations.
  4. Expiration of the guarantee period.

Bankruptcy of individuals

Bankruptcy physical the person comes upon confirmation by the arbitration court of the borrower's inability to fulfill any financial obligations. Any citizen whose total debt amounted to more than 500 thousand rubles with a delay of the last payment of 3 months is entitled to start the recognition procedure. If the borrower is declared bankrupt, he loses the right to:

  • make property purchase and sale transactions and use it as collateral;
  • issue guarantees;
  • leave the borders of the state (optional);
  • independently manage funds in bank accounts.

How to get rid of credit debts through the court

If it is not possible to recover the loan debt with the help of a collection organization, the bank will be forced to go to court in order to solve the problem. There is no need to be afraid of the court, since there are often situations when additionally accrued interest, fines, etc. following the results of the proceedings are reduced. As a result, the borrower has the right to pay the net amount of the loan.

Bankruptcy of individuals and its consequences

The financial insolvency of the borrower is achieved by artificially reducing income and selling property or transferring it, but this method can be considered legal only formally. The bottom line is to transfer property to relatives, friends, etc., making it the property of third parties. Further, the borrower needs to quit official work and close all bank accounts

For bankruptcy proceedings there is no need to transfer the last apartment. If minors are registered in the borrower's house, or if it is the only housing, the bailiffs are not entitled to describe it as repayment of the debt. In general, the process of processing all the documents can take a lot of time, but this will keep finances and property intact.

When can a bank write off debts in full?

Relatively high probability of writing off the loan from the borrower in connection with:

  • impossibility of recovery;
  • loss or death of the borrower.

Non-repayable loans spoil reporting, because bankers often forgive such debts so that they do not hang dead weight on the balance sheet. In addition, the bank can write off the loan if the debt is small, and its return will bring more losses than profits. Although there are few cases of complete write-offs, it is always the exception rather than the rule.

Statute of limitations when recovering loan debt

A situation is possible when attempts to collect a debt are delayed so much that the bank goes to court 3-4 years after the borrower makes the last installment on the loan. In this situation, the defendant may declare the statute of limitations expired, and it is highly probable that the court will be won and the creditor will be forced to write off the debt. But you must be aware that the employees of the bank and collection organizations will have time to ruin the life of the borrower before the cancellation occurs.

Watch the video: Your questions on credit amnesty answered (February 2020).