If a four-legged friend has appeared in the family, the owners should know how to take care of him, so that the animal remains healthy and cheerful. Otherwise, it is better to wait a bit with replenishment. The appearance of a cat in the house entails great responsibility, it is important to properly adjust the pet's diet, to eliminate the risk of developing dangerous diseases.
What to feed a cat
It is customary to believe that such a pet already traditionally loves fish, milk, meat. In fact, the cat's diet is somewhat more diverse, eliminates vitamin deficiency and the appearance of its unpleasant symptoms. Individual nutritional characteristics depend on the breed of the animal. The question of how to feed a cat will be correctly addressed to a knowledgeable veterinarian, while not violating his instructions. Food can be natural, artificial or mixed, and in the latter case we are talking about a combination of healthy food from a person’s table with elite feeds of the best manufacturers.
How many times a day
There are certain rules that every breeder must follow in order to maintain the health and vitality of his four-legged friend. For example, how many times a day to feed a cat correctly so that the animal does not remain hungry, does not overeat. The best option is in the morning and in the evening, while monitoring the volumes of single servings. Cats that lead an active lifestyle may not be full, but the true "bedridden" such a food schedule is ideal.
Which food is better
Feeding canned and dry food is very convenient, so in the modern world it is preferred among breeders. Such dishes do not need to be pre-cooked, and in the composition they contain valuable trace elements and minerals necessary for the pet. The question immediately arises, which food is best for cats - dry or canned. Both options have their advantages, significant disadvantages.
Wet food contains 85% moisture, is a perishable product and, if opened improperly, can be the main cause of poisoning of a pet. However, the presence of sealed packaging eliminates damage to the sealed product, the formation of mold, putrefactive processes. Given all these nuances, breeders choose dry food, less troublesome in everyday use, storage.
When choosing a healthy diet, the breeder will have to familiarize himself with the wide range of products and tastes. Dry food for cats with the aroma of chicken, beef, fish, turkey, rabbit, pork, liver is on sale for free. Even vegetable assortment is very popular among cats. To improve the digestion of a four-legged friend, cereals are often added to dry foods. The idea is not bad, but before buying it will be correct to study the composition for the presence of harmful components, preservatives, synthetic flavorings.
Representatives of the British, Bengal breed, being the heirs of their elite parents, can be accustomed to natural food from a person’s table. It turns out both the health benefits of the animal and the savings for some breeders. This also applies to representatives of other elite breeds that require special care. Natural food for cats implies the following essential components of the daily menu:
- meat, offal;
- seafood, fish of certain varieties;
- eggs, dairy products;
- cereals and vegetables.
How much feed is needed per day - table
The intake of protein, fats and carbohydrates in the animal organism must be balanced, uniform and regulated. Therefore, it is correct to determine the daily daily servings of food in advance, stick to the chosen option, do not overfeed your beloved pet, but also do not leave him hungry until the evening. The determining factors are diseases, age characteristics, the presence of pregnancy or previous castration. Below is a table that describes how much food a cat needs per day so that the animal eats properly, does not starve, does not overeat.
Daily portion, gram
Adjusted for pregnancy
In the presence of chronic diseases
Halve a single serving
Determine individually with a veterinarian, based on the nature of the pathology.
1 year (up to 4 kg)
Enlarge single serving widow
1-3 years (4-5 kg)
8 years (5 kg or more)
The rate of dry food per day
It is necessary to determine the permissible dose of cat food per day by the age and weight of the pet. If kittens have enough to eat 70-100 grams per day, then the norm of dry food for adult cats per day is 250-300 grams. This is not the limit: it all depends on age, an approximate daily menu, and its diversity. Eat healthy foods properly, therefore, in addition to dry food, give preference to ordinary food from the table.
How much wet food do you need per day?
When a pet weighs 2-3 kg, it is necessary to give 35 grams of dry food and one bag of canned food. When the cat weighs within 3-5 kg, the norms of dry and wet food increase to 50 grams and 1.5 sachets. If it is interesting to know how much wet food a cat needs per day with a weight of 5-7 kg, the answer is simple - 60 grams of dry food and 2 bags (spider) of canned food. If you eat a varied menu, you can feed your fourth friend up to the "eat-sleep" category.
Natural Food - Menu
Many breeders give preference only to a straight, try to cook their own food for their four-legged friend. This is an alternative to expensive premium feeds used by professional breeders in the cat's diet. Feeding a cat with natural food is more tedious and troublesome, but good for the health of the animal. Food should be protein, contain valuable trace elements, minerals for the growth of hair and teeth, strengthen bone structures. Proper nutrition for the cat provides for the following food ingredients in the daily menu:
- Protein food of animal origin: beef, poultry, offal.
- Vegetable food: cereals, bran, sprouted oats, vegetables.
- Dairy products: cream, sour cream, milk, eggs, low-fat cheeses.
What cereals can be given
If the animal is ill, the answer to the question of how to properly feed the cat, it is better to look for an appointment with the vet. In such a clinical picture, nutrition should differ in medicinal properties, enrich the body with valuable vitamins, regardless of breed. It’s much easier to feed a healthy pet, but it’s right to find out in advance which cereals can be given to cats, and it is better to refuse immediately.
Pets are allowed for use by Maine Coon, British, Scot and not only rice, oatmeal, buckwheat and corn grits. But from pearl barley, peas and wheat porridge it is better to immediately refuse. It is advisable to cook the indicated cereals in meat or chicken broth, otherwise the cat may simply not like the proposed dish. If possible, add 1-2 cm pieces of meat for greater appetite.
What vegetables can be given
When figuring out whether it is possible to feed a cat only with dry food, it is important not to forget that the diet should be not only balanced, but also varied. Therefore, the simultaneous combination of feed and natural food does not harm, if you choose the right ingredients and determine the acceptable dose. Vegetables can be given to a cat in limited quantities and not all. For example, carrots, broccoli, zucchini, melon, cucumbers, celery are allowed. It is not right to completely transfer livestock to such a vegetarian menu, since the permissible dose of vegetables is no more than 10% in the daily diet.
What meat to feed a cat
This is an important component of the daily nutrition of a four-legged friend. When answering the question of how to properly feed a cat, meat products are the basis, as it enriches the animal body with vital protein, strengthens muscle mass, and provides a full supply of vitamins. The main thing is to correctly determine the variety, prepare the dish.
So, it is forbidden to feed a cat with fatty meat, therefore it is better to immediately stop buying pork and lamb. The best option is beef, chicken and turkey, the use of offal is not prohibited. The method of heat treatment is cooking to prevent excessive intake of fat in the animal body. If you feed your pet correctly and in a timely manner, there will be no health problems.
How to feed a kitten
The first weeks of life are very important for a small kitten, because during this period taste preferences are formed, the work of the digestive organs is normalized. Therefore, it is very important with the question of how to properly feed a young cat or cat, it is better to immediately contact a veterinarian. Fortified foods are especially useful according to the age category of the pet.
If you feed a kitten with such shop products, it is important to understand that over time, it is unlikely to be able to transfer him to food from a common table. In order for the animal to quickly get fat, while not “earning” chronic kidney diseases, it is better to independently prepare natural, healthy food for the younger generation. It is important to periodically change the diet, strengthening immunity and systemic digestion in this way.
Proper nutrition of cats when carrying kittens is the key to the impeccable health of future offspring. Since during this period the animal becomes especially finicky in food, it is better to transfer it to an elite dry food specially designed for expectant mothers. Such a nutrition of a pregnant cat will make up for the deficiency of vitamins, strengthen the body, prepare it for the upcoming labor, while it will not allow the animal to get much better. You can cook food yourself, while preference is given to non-fat steamed meat and fish, boiled.
It doesn’t matter whether it is Scottish fold or Scottish straight, or even a Siberian, Scottish or Thai breed, it is important to take special responsibility for the daily nutrition of a sterilized cat, especially the first days after the operation. Choose industrial feeds with special labeling. However, veterinarians are not excluded and natural nutrition, which is correctly composed of boiled fish, lean meats. The presence of cereals and vegetables to feed the cat is appropriate only in minimal doses.
After the operation, nutrition should be balanced in order to restore the animal's resource. There are several options on how to feed a cat after castration, but it is recommended to focus on changing the volume of daily servings. Immediately after the operation, each meal should be cut in half, with regular fasting days. If the cat will eat a full portion, do not give supplements, it is better to increase the daily number of meals. The basis of the diet is boiled young beef, dairy products.
Cat with urolithiasis
It will be correct to switch to healthy food, to exclude the presence of preservatives in the diet. The daily nutrition of cats with urolithiasis is meat and fish of lean varieties, seafood, offal, dairy products. It is correct for a sick animal to give more fluid so that the stones come out naturally, without additional surgery.
At this age, the pet already has its own taste preferences, which are not recommended to be violated. The only advice: to feed the old cat with products of elite manufacturers or natural foods rich in vitamins. The benefits to the animal organism will be apparent. The daily feeding of cats of old age and the variety of diet will be properly discussed additionally with a specialist.
It is preferable to give preference to the Holistic brand, which offers high quality products at an affordable price. It is very important to feed the nursing cat with useful ingredients so that it can feed the younger generation. You can cook it yourself, but preferably steamed and do not forget about the benefits of dairy products in lactation.
After bowel surgery
After such surgical intervention, it is correct to put the four-legged patient on a therapeutic diet. The first day will be unloading, since the absence of bowel movement is desirable. In the future, it is recommended to feed the cat after intestinal surgery with vegetables in stewed or boiled form, meat or vegetable broth, sea fish species in a steamed way. Be sure to give water, temporarily avoid the presence of dairy products in the diet.
What can not be fed
A fat animal is not always a healthy animal. It is very important to know how cats should not be fed, so that inadvertently not to harm the health of your four-legged friend. Forbidden products are convenience foods and dubious preservatives, pickles and mushrooms, chocolate and spirits, chicken bones and lard, potatoes and bread. It is important to study in detail how to properly feed a pet cat so as not to risk the health of the pet.